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武汉渍水围城背后:原有127个湖泊

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2018年10月19日 20:22:04
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(  7月)(7日)(,抢)(险)(人)(员)(在)(转)(移)(武)(汉)(南)(湖)(风)(华)(天)(城)(小)(区)(的)(被)(困)(群)(众)(。新)(华)(社)(发)(
  7月)(7日)(,挖)(掘)(机)(正)(在)(沙)(湖)(清)(淤)(。武)(汉)(沙)(湖)(附)(近)(的)(业)(主)(们)(起)(诉)(武)(汉)(水)(务)(局)(胜)(诉)(后)(,上)(万)(方)(填)(湖)(的)(淤)(泥)(将)(被)(清)(走)(。新)(京)(报)(记)(者)(曹)(晓)(波)(摄)(
  原)(有)(127个)(湖)(泊)(如)(今)(仅)(剩)(38个)(,20年)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(消)(失)(三)(分)(之)(一)(;专)(家)(称)(填)(湖)(致)(水)(无)(处)(可)(排)(
  在)(今)(年)(夏)(天)(的)(暴)(雨)(中)(,武)(汉)(又)(成)(为)(内)(涝)(严)(重)(的)(城)(市)(。
  7月)(7日)(下)(午)(,武)(汉)(市)(防)(汛)(指)(挥)(部)(新)(闻)(发)(布)(会)(上)(,武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(相)(关)(负)(责)(人)(提)(出)(:武)(汉)(的)(地)(势)(很)(低)(,排)(水)(条)(件)(很)(差)(。这)(次)(的)(暴)(雨)(很)(大)(,就)(像)(最)(后)(一)(根)(稻)(草)(,让)(武)(汉)(瘫)(痪)(。另)(外)(,武)(汉)(市)(的)(排)(水)(系)(统)(建)(设)(标)(准)(偏)(低)(,很)(容)(易)(渍)(水)(。
  武)(汉)(市)(被)(称)(为)(“千)(湖)(之)(城)(”。新)(京)(报)(记)(者)(发)(现)(,在)(渍)(水)(严)(重)(的)(地)(区)(,很)(多)(原)(来)(都)(是)(湖)(泊)(、湿)(地)(,原)(本)(就)(是)(承)(担)(蓄)(水)(、分)(洪)(功)(能)(的)(。这)(些)(湖)(被)(填)(后)(建)(起)(住)(宅)(小)(区)(,如)(今)(渍)(水)(难)(题)(困)(扰)(着)(居)(民)(。
  7月)(7日)(,武)(汉)(,天)(晴)(了)(。
  被)(暴)(雨)(和)(洪)(水)(肆)(虐)(了)(一)(天)(的)(江)(城)(武)(汉)(,迎)(来)(阳)(光)(。
  据)(当)(天)(的)(防)(汛)(通)(报)(,截)(至)(7日)(晚)(间)(,武)(汉)(市)(渍)(水)(点)(已)(经)(从)(最)(高)(峰)(时)(段)(的)(162处)(,降)(到)(11处)(。全)(市)(超)(过)(93%的)(渍)(水)(点)(已)(经)(消)(退)(。
  可)(是)(,在)(位)(于)(武)(汉)(市)(洪)(山)(区)(的)(南)(湖)(片)(区)(,多)(个)(居)(民)(区)(内)(的)(渍)(水)(并)(未)(消)(退)(。
  熟)(悉)(当)(地)(地)(理)(的)(老)(人)(都)(知)(晓)(,南)(湖)(片)(区)(很)(多)(住)(宅)(小)(区)(原)(本)(就)(是)(湖)(面)(或)(湿)(地)(。原)(来)(汛)(期)(到)(来)(时)(,当)(地)(就)(与)(南)(湖)(水)(面)(湖)(光)(一)(色)(,而)(今)(虽)(然)(填)(湖)(建)(成)(了)(小)(区)(,但)(水)(仍)(认)(自)(己)(的)(“老)(家)(”。
  武)(汉)(南)(湖)(仍)(是)(“孤)(岛)(”
  洪)(山)(区)(政)(府)(发)(布)(的)(通)(知)(称)(,据)(估)(测)(,南)(湖)(片)(区)(的)(水)(全)(部)(消)(退)(至)(少)(需)(要)(六)(天)(
  南)(湖)(片)(区)(位)(于)(武)(汉)(南)(湖)(西)(北)(角)(。南)(湖)(是)(武)(汉)(市)(仅)(次)(于)(东)(湖)(和)(汤)(逊)(湖)(的)(第)(三)(大)(城)(中)(湖)(,水)(域)(面)(积)(763.96公)(顷)(。南)(湖)(片)(区)(,是)(武)(汉)(市)(政)(府)(自)(2009年)(开)(始)(发)(展)(的)(重)(点)(人)(居)(核)(心)(区)(,被)(认)(为)(是)(未)(来)(武)(汉)(市)(重)(要)(的)(城)(市)(副)(中)(心)(。
  昨)(日)(,新)(京)(报)(记)(者)(实)(地)(探)(访)(南)(湖)(片)(区)(发)(现)(,多)(个)(小)(区)(内)(的)(积)(水)(仍)(超)(过)(一)(米)(,轿)(车)(没)(顶)(,水)(里)(漂)(浮)(着)(生)(活)(垃)(圾)(,散)(发)(着)(臭)(味)(。居)(民)(需)(要)(趟)(水)(出)(行)(,小)(区)(目)(前)(仍)(断)(电)(停)(水)(,周)(围)(超)(市)(内)(的)(食)(物)(和)(饮)(水)(,也)(被)(居)(民)(一)(扫)(而)(空)(。
  受)(灾)(的)(多)(个)(住)(宅)(小)(区)(都)(是)(近)(几)(年)(建)(成)(的)(。渍)(水)(情)(况)(严)(重)(的)(南)(湖)(雅)(园)(小)(区)(,与)(南)(湖)(只)(有)(一)(路)(之)(隔)(,地)(势)(低)(,小)(区)(内)(的)(渍)(水)(和)(南)(湖)(湖)(水)(已)(经)(成)(为)(一)(体)(,分)(不)(清)(边)(界)(。
  洪)(山)(区)(政)(府)(发)(布)(的)(通)(知)(称)(,据)(估)(测)(,南)(湖)(片)(区)(的)(水)(全)(部)(消)(退)(至)(少)(需)(要)(六)(天)(。
  “小)(区)(居)(民)(几)(千)(人)(,目)(前)(小)(区)(居)(民)(因)(1.5米)(深)(的)(积)(水)(被)(困)(在)(小)(区)(内)(,没)(电)(、没)(水)(、没)(网)(,很)(多)(人)(处)(于)(失)(联)(状)(态)(。”这)(是)(南)(湖)(花)(园)(风)(华)(天)(城)(小)(区)(居)(民)(昨)(日)(上)(午)(向)(武)(汉)(一)(救)(援)(队)(发)(出)(的)(“求)(救)(信)(”。
  南)(湖)(居)(民)(在)(网)(络)(上)(晒)(出)(了)(大)(水)(漫)(灌)(小)(区)(的)(图)(片)(,他)(们)(将)(自)(己)(所)(处)(的)(环)(境)(称)(为)(“孤)(岛)(”,“可)(以)(用)(瘫)(痪)(来)(形)(容)(。”
  南)(湖)(多)(小)(区)(以)(前)(曾)(是)(湖)(面)(
  南)(湖)(雅)(园)(、南)(湖)(假)(日)(小)(区)(等)(多)(个)(目)(前)(渍)(水)(情)(况)(严)(重)(的)(小)(区)(,在)(该)(地)(图)(上)(被)(标)(示)(为)(湖)(面)(
  多)(个)(当)(地)(居)(民)(告)(诉)(记)(者)(,南)(湖)(片)(区)(以)(前)(是)(南)(湖)(飞)(机)(场)(的)(所)(在)(地)(,机)(场)(周)(围)(遍)(布)(湿)(地)(,还)(有)(不)(少)(塘)(、沟)(、渠)(。八)(十)(年)(代)(飞)(机)(场)(迁)(移)(,这)(里)(开)(始)(进)(行)(开)(发)(,近)(几)(年)(内)(发)(展)(迅)(速)(,高)(楼)(大)(厦)(拔)(地)(而)(起)(。
  华)(中)(科)(技)(大)(学)(教)(授)(夏)(增)(民)(向)(记)(者)(介)(绍)(,在)(历)(史)(上)(,南)(湖)(是)(可)(以)(和)(长)(江)(相)(通)(的)(。到)(明)(清)(时)(期)(,南)(湖)(水)(系)(仍)(然)(有)(比)(较)(畅)(通)(的)(出)(江)(口)(,洪)(水)(期)(时)(,南)(湖)(能)(为)(长)(江)(起)(到)(蓄)(洪)(、削)(减)(洪)(峰)(的)(作)(用)(。
  “现)(在)(的)(南)(湖)(片)(区)(以)(前)(就)(是)(湿)(地)(、沟)(塘)(和)(湖)(面)(。”夏)(增)(民)(称)(,在)(南)(湖)(机)(场)(弃)(用)(之)(后)(,南)(湖)(片)(区)(形)(成)(了)(巨)(大)(的)(居)(民)(区)(。这)(些)(居)(民)(区)(本)(来)(是)(湖)(面)(或)(湿)(地)(,地)(势)(本)(来)(就)(很)(低)(洼)(,所)(以)(要)(四)(五)(天)(才)(能)(排)(完)(水)(。
  夏)(增)(民)(给)(新)(京)(报)(提)(供)(的)(2000年)(9月)(湖)(北)(省)(地)(图)(院)(编)(制)(的)(“武)(汉)(市)(交)(通)(游)(览)(图)(”显)(示)(,南)(湖)(雅)(园)(、南)(湖)(假)(日)(小)(区)(等)(多)(个)(目)(前)(渍)(水)(情)(况)(严)(重)(的)(小)(区)(,在)(该)(地)(图)(上)(被)(标)(示)(为)(湖)(面)(。
  一)(位)(南)(湖)(片)(区)(的)(居)(民)(对)(新)(京)(报)(记)(者)(介)(绍)(,如)(今)(该)(区)(域)(渍)(水)(严)(重)(的)(三)(个)(地)(方)(:南)(湖)(山)(庄)(路)(口)(,以)(前)(就)(是)(湖)(;“武)(昌)(府)(”小)(区)(原)(本)(规)(划)(就)(是)(一)(座)(水)(上)(公)(园)(;南)(湖)(新)(城)(和)(书)(城)(路)(之)(间)(原)(本)(是)(湿)(地)(。
  华)(中)(师)(范)(大)(学)(春)(野)(环)(境)(保)(护)(协)(会)(从)(2011年)(起)(对)(武)(汉)(的)(南)(湖)(做)(过)(系)(列)(调)(查)(。其)(中)(,关)(于)(“填)(湖)(”的)(调)(查)(有)(一)(段)(概)(述)(,“随)(着)(铺)(天)(盖)(地)(的)(城)(市)(房)(地)(产)(开)(发)(浪)(潮)(,围)(湖)(造)(田)(已)(经)(成)(为)(地)(产)(商)(皆)(可)(染)(指)(的)(行)(为)(,整)(个)(南)(湖)(面)(积)(每)(年)(急)(剧)(下)(降)(。相)(关)(资)(料)(显)(示)(,1996-2006年)(这)(十)(年)(间)(,南)(湖)(面)(积)(共)(减)(少)(了)(35%。尤)(其)(是)(2001年)(-2002年)(前)(后)(,南)(湖)(发)(生)(了)(大)(规)(模)(的)(人)(工)(填)(湖)(现)(象)(。仅)(这)(一)(年)(,南)(湖)(被)(填)(面)(积)(高)(达)(2.7公)(顷)(。”
  最)(终)(他)(们)(将)(这)(个)(调)(查)(做)(了)(一)(个)(叫)(“湖)(殇)(”的)(纪)(录)(片)(。
  “其)(实)(,当)(时)(我)(们)(不)(止)(走)(访)(了)(南)(湖)(,去)(了)(很)(多)(个)(湖)(。有)(些)(湖)(已)(经)(消)(失)(,连)(名)(字)(都)(没)(有)(了)(。”当)(时)(参)(与)(调)(查)(的)(春)(野)(协)(会)(成)(员)(方)(圆)(说)(。
  沙)(湖)(还)(是)(“杀)(湖)(”?
  从)(20世)(纪)(80年)(代)(开)(始)(,沙)(湖)(就)(一)(直)(在)(填)(,20年)(间)(几)(乎)(就)(没)(间)(断)(过)(
  沙)(湖)(也)(几)(乎)(是)(武)(汉)(填)(湖)(的)(缩)(影)(。
  几)(年)(来)(,居)(住)(在)(沙)(湖)(旁)(边)(的)(小)(区)(居)(民)(一)(直)(在)(为)(填)(湖)(抗)(争)(。
  居)(民)(王)(猛)((化)(名)()回)(忆)(,2009年)(,武)(汉)(市)(有)(关)(部)(门)(要)(对)(沙)(湖)(清)(淤)(。官)(方)(称)(要)(采)(用)(先)(进)(的)(科)(研)(方)(法)(,将)(淤)(泥)(压)(缩)(成)(肥)(料)(运)(送)(到)(农)(村)(地)(区)(,无)(害)(化)(处)(理)(。
  但)(挖)(出)(来)(的)(淤)(泥)(将)(2.35万)(平)(方)(米)(的)(沙)(湖)(水)(域)(填)(充)(成)(陆)(地)(,这)(些)(淤)(泥)(一)(放)(就)(是)(五)(年)(,最)(后)(逐)(渐)(演)(变)(成)(周)(边)(居)(民)(们)(的)(菜)(地)(。
  2014年)(12月)(,王)(猛)(和)(居)(民)(们)(看)(到)(了)(规)(划)(,要)(在)(淤)(泥)(上)(建)(造)(一)(条)(水)(泥)(路)(,路)(两)(边)(,原)(来)(是)(湖)(面)(的)(地)(方)(则)(种)(树)(绿)(化)(。
  “梦)(湖)(水)(岸)(”小)(区)(居)(民)(开)(始)(商)(议)(抗)(议)(,300多)(户)(居)(民)(联)(合)(署)(名)(,在)(公)(示)(期)(间)(提)(交)(给)(规)(划)(局)(,要)(求)(解)(释)(为)(何)(填)(湖)(,但)(是)(没)(有)(任)(何)(回)(复)(。
  居)(民)(们)(于)(是)(在)(小)(区)(外)(围)(挂)(起)(了)(维)(权)(横)(幅)(。当)(地)(召)(开)(多)(次)(协)(调)(会)(,居)(民)(们)(播)(放)(PPT,用)(湖)(面)(对)(比)(拍)(摄)(画)(面)(据)(理)(力)(争)(。居)(民)(又)(自)(发)(捐)(款)(16万)(多)(元)(,发)(出)(29封)(信)(息)(公)(开)(的)(信)(件)(,拿)(到)(清)(淤)(修)(路)(审)(批)(的)(一)(些)(材)(料)(。
  然)(而)(,2015年)(6月)(,原)(本)(没)(有)(动)(静)(的)(沙)(湖)(旁)(,挖)(掘)(机)(进)(场)(,要)(平)(整)(土)(地)(,为)(修)(路)(做)(准)(备)(。居)(民)(们)(冲)(进)(工)(地)(,阻)(止)(施)(工)(。
  业)(主)(王)(军)((化)(名)()介)(绍)(,居)(民)(们)(印)(发)(了)(写)(有)(“沙)(湖)(”、“杀)(湖)(”字)(样)(的)(T恤)(衫)(。在)(随)(后)(的)(三)(个)(月)(,居)(民)(代)(表)(监)(视)(工)(地)(的)(一)(举)(一)(动)(,只)(要)(有)(机)(器)(开)(挖)(,就)(鸣)(锣)(示)(意)(。但)(最)(终)(,大)(批)(安)(保)(人)(员)(到)(场)(驱)(散)(了)(居)(民)(。
  一)(些)(居)(民)(后)(来)(被)(请)(到)(武)(汉)(市)(电)(视)(台)(,参)(加)(电)(视)(问)(政)(的)(节)(目)(。在)(这)(场)(让)(官)(员)(流)(汗)(的)(节)(目)(中)(,对)(于)(居)(民)(们)(提)(出)(“到)(底)(是)(保)(护)(沙)(湖)(还)(是)(填)(湖)(?”官)(方)(避)(而)(不)(答)(,最)(终)(这)(场)(节)(目)(没)(有)(播)(出)(。
  去)(年)(9月)(30日)(,39名)(居)(民)(将)(武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(告)(上)(法)(庭)(,要)(求)(其)(履)(行)(承)(诺)(,清)(除)(沙)(湖)(淤)(泥)(,还)(原)(湖)(面)(。
  今)(年)(3月)(29日)(,武)(汉)(市)(江)(岸)(区)(法)(院)(一)(审)(判)(决)(业)(主)(胜)(诉)(,判)(决)(书)(责)(令)(被)(告)(武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(在)(判)(决)(生)(效)(之)(日)(起)(60日)(内)(,针)(对)(原)(告)(反)(映)(的)(淤)(泥)(及)(建)(筑)(垃)(圾)(填)(湖)(的)(问)(题)(继)(续)(履)(行)(调)(查)(和)(处)(理)(的)(行)(政)(职)(责)(。
  史)(料)(显)(示)(,明)(洪)(武)(年)(间)(,沙)(湖)(面)(积)(有)(将)(近)(万)(亩)(的)(规)(模)(,在)(100多)(年)(前)(,东)(湖)(还)(属)(沙)(湖)(水)(系)(。到)(上)(世)(纪)(80年)(代)(,沙)(湖)(面)(积)(减)(少)(到)(6000余)(亩)(。从)(20世)(纪)(80年)(代)(开)(始)(,沙)(湖)(就)(一)(直)(在)(填)(,20年)(间)(几)(乎)(就)(没)(间)(断)(过)(。
  其)(中)(,秦)(园)(路)(把)(沙)(湖)(的)(一)(个)(角)(拦)(腰)(斩)(断)(,分)(割)(出)(来)(的)(5千)(平)(方)(米)(池)(塘)(被)(填)(,2002年)(前)(后)(,建)(起)(“都)(市)(经)(典)(”、“世)(纪)(彩)(城)(”、“金)(沙)(泊)(岸)(”等)(楼)(盘)(。沙)(湖)(公)(园)(也)(占)(用)(大)(片)(水)(域)(,目)(前)(还)(在)(建)(设)(中)(。
  一)(些)(居)(民)(还)(反)(映)(,几)(年)(前)(,武)(汉)(长)(江)(隧)(道)(内)(盾)(构)(机)(向)(前)(推)(进)(,堆)(放)(在)(沙)(湖)(边)(的)(挖)(隧)(泥)(土)(也)(开)(始)(长)(高)(。因)(泥)(土)(下)(滑)(,湖)(岸)(崩)(塌)(,这)(一)(段)(湖)(岸)(线)(现)(已)(后)(退)(50米)(,上)(万)(平)(方)(米)(的)(湖)(面)(沦)(为)(滩)(地)(。
  7月)(7日)(,新)(京)(报)(记)(者)(看)(到)(,这)(片)(滩)(地)(已)(被)(绿)(化)(种)(树)(,大)(型)(楼)(盘)(已)(将)(沙)(湖)(围)(得)(严)(严)(实)(实)(。挖)(掘)(机)(轰)(隆)(作)(响)(,一)(些)(工)(人)(正)(在)(用)(水)(泥)(铺)(路)(面)(,长)(1500米)(、宽)(6米)(的)(水)(泥)(硬)(化)(路)(在)(逐)(渐)(拉)(长)(。
  沙)(湖)(旁)(一)(亩)(地)(拍)(2200万)(
  武)(汉)(的)(后)(湖)(、沙)(湖)(、南)(湖)(等)(几)(个)(比)(较)(大)(的)(湖)(周)(边)(,都)(建)(满)(房)(子)(。一)(些)(房)(地)(产)(商)(通)(过)(填)(湖)(,扩)(大)(地)(产)(开)(发)(面)(积)(
  武)(汉)(曾)(经)(优)(于)(水)(,如)(今)(却)(忧)(于)(水)(。
  号)(称)(“千)(湖)(之)(城)(”的)(武)(汉)(市)(区)(内)(很)(多)(湖)(的)(命)(运)(与)(沙)(湖)(一)(样)(,逐)(渐)(被)(填)(掉)(。
  武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(最)(新)(的)(调)(查)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,近)(30年)(武)(汉)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(减)(少)(了)(228.9平)(方)(公)(里)(,50年)(来)(,近)(100个)(湖)(泊)(人)(间)(“蒸)(发)(”。杨)(汊)(湖)(、范)(湖)(等)(耳)(熟)(能)(详)(的)(名)(字)(仅)(仅)(成)(为)(带)(“湖)(”字)(的)(符)(号)(。武)(汉)(中)(心)(城)(区)(建)(国)(初)(期)(127个)(湖)(泊)(如)(今)(仅)(存)(38个)(,仍)(面)(临)(着)(继)(续)(被)(侵)(蚀)(的)(危)(险)(。
  赵)(世)(龙)(曾)(是)(武)(汉)(一)(家)(媒)(体)(的)(负)(责)(人)(,他)(一)(直)(很)(关)(注)(武)(汉)(填)(湖)(的)(现)(象)(。
  赵)(世)(龙)(认)(为)(,武)(汉)(近)(几)(年)(房)(地)(产)(发)(展)(迅)(速)(。现)(在)(人)(们)(喜)(欢)(依)(水)(而)(居)(,武)(汉)(的)(后)(湖)(、沙)(湖)(、南)(湖)(等)(几)(个)(比)(较)(大)(的)(湖)(周)(边)(,都)(建)(满)(房)(子)(。一)(些)(房)(地)(产)(商)(通)(过)(填)(湖)(,扩)(大)(地)(产)(开)(发)(面)(积)(。
  全)(国)(政)(协)(委)(员)(、武)(汉)(市)(人)(大)(常)(委)(、中)(国)(地)(质)(大)(学)(教)(授)(李)(长)(安)(曾)(经)(研)(究)(过)(武)(汉)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(变)(化)(。李)(长)(安)(对)(近)(三)(十)(年)(来)(的)(武)(汉)(市)(卫)(星)(遥)(感)(数)(据)(进)(行)(了)(分)(析)(,形)(象)(地)(说)(明)(武)(汉)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(不)(断)(消)(失)(和)(缩)(小)(。
  2001年)(11月)(30日)(,武)(汉)(市)(人)(大)(常)(委)(会)(通)(过)(了)(《武)(汉)(市)(湖)(泊)(保)(护)(条)(例)(》,将)(166个)(湖)(泊)(列)(入)(保)(护)(名)(录)(。但)(这)(并)(未)(浇)(灭)(武)(汉)(的)(填)(湖)(热)(情)(。
  1987年)(时)(武)(汉)(的)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(是)(370.97平)(方)(公)(里)(,2001年)(是)(336.50平)(方)(公)(里)(,到)(2013年)(时)(,只)(剩)(下)(264.73平)(方)(公)(里)(。二)(十)(多)(年)(间)(,湖)(泊)(面)(积)(减)(少)(近)(三)(分)(之)(一)(。
  填)(湖)(背)(后)(是)(巨)(大)(的)(利)(益)(。
  根)(据)(国)(土)(资)(源)(部)(官)(方)(网)(站)(公)(示)(,武)(汉)(市)(今)(年)(初)(出)(让)(的)(紧)(邻)(沙)(湖)(的)(165号)(地)(块)(,1.5公)(顷)(土)(地)(出)(让)(价)(格)(是)(4.95亿)(元)(,相)(当)(于)(每)(亩)(土)(地)(2200万)(元)(。
  武)(汉)(民)(间)(环)(保)(组)(织)(“绿)(色)(江)(城)(”负)(责)(人)(柯)(志)(强)(说)(,建)(国)(后)(武)(汉)(填)(湖)(分)(两)(个)(阶)(段)(。第)(一)(个)(阶)(段)(是)(改)(革)(开)(放)(前)(,那)(时)(填)(湖)(的)(主)(要)(目)(的)(是)(造)(田)(,“人)(吃)(不)(饱)(饭)(,所)(以)(向)(湖)(要)(地)(种)(粮)(食)(。”第)(二)(个)(阶)(段)(,则)(是)(改)(革)(开)(放)(以)(后)(。“城)(市)(建)(设)(、房)(地)(产)(项)(目)(没)(有)(地)(怎)(么)(办)(?填)(湖)(。”
  最)(严)(条)(例)(挡)(不)(住)(填)(湖)(
  5年)(间)(消)(失)(14平)(方)(公)(里)(,相)(比)(以)(前)(,消)(失)(速)(度)(明)(显)(放)(缓)(。虽)(然)(速)(度)(放)(缓)(,但)(湖)(泊)(仍)(然)(在)(变)(小)(
  “2009年)(是)(武)(汉)(湖)(泊)(消)(失)(的)(一)(个)(拐)(点)(。”柯)(志)(强)(介)(绍)(,因)(连)(年)(填)(湖)(导)(致)(市)(民)(的)(意)(见)(越)(来)(越)(大)(。这)(一)(年)(,武)(汉)(市)(政)(府)(开)(始)(高)(度)(重)(视)(湖)(泊)(保)(护)(,湖)(泊)(缩)(小)(的)(速)(度)(慢)(了)(下)(来)(。
  柯)(志)(强)(说)(,2009年)(后)(,武)(汉)(市)(对)(湖)(泊)(保)(护)(条)(例)(进)(行)(多)(次)(修)(订)(,一)(次)(比)(一)(次)(严)(格)(。
  中)(国)(地)(质)(大)(学)(教)(授)(李)(长)(安)(掌)(握)(的)(卫)(星)(遥)(感)(数)(据)(也)(支)(持)(了)(柯)(志)(强)(的)(说)(法)(。
  根)(据)(李)(长)(安)(统)(计)(,武)(汉)(2009年)(湖)(泊)(面)(积)(是)(278.76平)(方)(公)(里)(,2013年)(是)(264.73平)(方)(公)(里)(。5年)(间)(消)(失)(14平)(方)(公)(里)(,相)(比)(以)(前)(,消)(失)(速)(度)(明)(显)(放)(缓)(。
  虽)(然)(速)(度)(放)(缓)(,但)(湖)(泊)(仍)(然)(在)(变)(小)(。
  2013年)(,武)(汉)(电)(视)(问)(政)(现)(场)(。柯)(志)(强)(将)(一)(个)(“水)(域)(桩)(”作)(为)(礼)(物)(,送)(给)(了)(武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(局)(长)(左)(绍)(斌)(。
  水)(域)(桩)(,沿)(着)(湖)(岸)(线)(栽)(设)(,是)(湖)(泊)(与)(陆)(地)(的)(界)(碑)(。
  这)(个)(本)(应)(该)(保)(护)(湖)(泊)(的)(水)(域)(桩)(,却)(成)(了)(湖)(泊)(消)(失)(的)(物)(证)(。这)(个)(“礼)(物)(”属)(于)(郭)(家)(湖)(,是)(武)(汉)(166个)(被)(保)(护)(的)(湖)(泊)(之)(一)(。志)(愿)(者)(找)(到)(它)(的)(时)(候)(,地)(图)(上)(显)(示)(是)(郭)(家)(湖)(的)(地)(方)(,已)(成)(为)(一)(个)(个)(工)(地)(。
  柯)(志)(强)(介)(绍)(,这)(个)(水)(域)(桩)(躺)(在)(一)(片)(杂)(草)(丛)(中)(,周)(围)(几)(公)(里)(范)(围)(,已)(找)(不)(到)(任)(何)(水)(体)(。
  湖)(呢)(?志)(愿)(者)(们)(沿)(着)(地)(图)(上)(标)(注)(的)(郭)(家)(湖)(开)(始)(寻)(找)(。终)(于)(沿)(着)(新)(修)(的)(公)(路)(,找)(到)(了)(一)(个)(几)(亩)(大)(的)(水)(塘)(。附)(近)(的)(村)(民)(说)(,这)(就)(是)(郭)(家)(湖)(。
  柯)(志)(强)(说)(,“我)(第)(一)(反)(应)(是)(不)(敢)(相)(信)(,边)(上)(的)(湖)(泊)(变)(成)(了)(工)(地)(、变)(成)(了)(厂)(房)(、变)(成)(了)(马)(路)(,四)(分)(五)(裂)(的)(,湖)(已)(经)(没)(有)(了)(,水)(域)(桩)(还)(在)(。”
  “湖)(要)(回)(到)(自)(己)(的)(老)(家)(”
  一)(下)(大)(雨)(,原)(来)(应)(该)(排)(到)(湖)(里)(的)(水)(,只)(能)(留)(在)(马)(路)(上)(
  “湖)(泊)(是)(大)(自)(然)(天)(然)(形)(成)(的)(蓄)(水)(池)(。把)(湖)(填)(了)(,地)(下)(排)(水)(设)(施)(又)(有)(问)(题)(,一)(下)(大)(雨)(,原)(来)(应)(该)(排)(到)(湖)(里)(的)(水)(,只)(能)(留)(在)(马)(路)(上)(。”柯)(志)(强)(说)(。
  柯)(志)(强)(介)(绍)(,除)(了)(直)(接)(填)(湖)(,还)(存)(在)(一)(种)(隐)(性)(的)(填)(湖)(方)(式)(:把)(湖)(泊)(旁)(边)(的)(塘)(、堰)(、湖)(汊)(承)(包)(下)(来)(养)(鱼)(,接)(着)(再)(把)(鱼)(塘)(变)(为)(藕)(塘)(,慢)(慢)(地)(藕)(塘)(就)(变)(成)(了)(陆)(地)(。“许)(多)(湖)(泊)(就)(因)(为)(这)(种)(蚕)(食)(,一)(点)(点)(变)(小)(。”
  这)(种)(情)(况)(不)(只)(是)(武)(汉)(。连)(日)(暴)(雨)(也)(导)(致)(江)(苏)(南)(京)(、安)(徽)(安)(庆)(等)(城)(市)(内)(涝)(。
  2011年)(,南)(京)(大)(学)(地)(理)(与)(海)(洋)(科)(学)(院)(研)(究)(生)(胡)(茂)(川)(、张)(兴)(奇)(曾)(做)(过)(一)(项)(“南)(京)(市)(内)(涝)(灾)(害)(成)(因)(”的)(研)(究)(。
  “城)(市)(地)(表)(不)(透)(水)(面)(积)(增)(加)(,原)(本)(可)(以)(地)(面)(渗)(透)(的)(水)(量)(大)(大)(减)(少)(,大)(部)(分)(雨)(水)(转)(化)(为)(地)(表)(径)(流)(。”他)(们)(以)(南)(京)(市)(龙)(江)(小)(区)(为)(例)(,该)(区)(域)(原)(为)(河)(漫)(滩)(,全)(区)(都)(是)(透)(水)(性)(地)(面)(,现)(在)(成)(为)(南)(京)(河)(西)(新)(城)(的)(一)(个)(居)(住)(小)(区)(。目)(前)(,龙)(江)(小)(区)(与)(以)(前)(相)(比)(雨)(水)(流)(出)(量)(增)(加)(了)(4.4倍)(。
  两)(位)(学)(者)(认)(为)(,与)(武)(汉)(一)(样)(,长)(江)(穿)(南)(京)(城)(而)(过)(,留)(下)(了)(大)(量)(的)(水)(域)(和)(低)(洼)(地)(。近)(几)(年)(,城)(市)(开)(发)(速)(度)(加)(快)(,低)(洼)(地)(由)(原)(来)(的)(主)(要)(起)(蓄)(水)(作)(用)(的)(水)(域)(,发)(展)(成)(了)(城)(区)(。
  他)(们)(举)(例)(,南)(京)(市)(河)(西)(地)(区)(原)(先)(为)(长)(江)(河)(岸)(的)(缓)(冲)(地)(带)(,每)(逢)(大)(水)(之)(年)(都)(与)(长)(江)(混)(为)(一)(体)(,起)(到)(汛)(期)(蓄)(水)(的)(作)(用)(,其)(地)(势)(低)(于)(汛)(期)(的)(秦)(淮)(河)(和)(长)(江)(水)(位)(。
  7月)(7日)(,有)(南)(京)(网)(友)(晒)(出)(河)(西)(区)(内)(涝)(的)(图)(片)(,河)(西)(区)(几)(条)(主)(干)(道)(完)(全)(被)(雨)(水)(淹)(没)(,汽)(车)(在)(街)(道)(上)(几)(乎)(被)(洪)(水)(没)(顶)(。
  “地)(势)(低)(洼)(,区)(域)(内)(雨)(水)(无)(法)(自)(排)(入)(河)(,要)(通)(过)(管)(道)(收)(集)(后)(由)(水)(泵)(抽)(排)(,使)(得)(河)(西)(地)(区)(区)(域)(排)(水)(系)(统)(压)(力)(很)(大)(。当)(雨)(水)(量)(超)(过)(泵)(站)(排)(水)(能)(力)(时)(就)(会)(发)(生)(内)(涝)(。”上)(述)(两)(位)(学)(者)(在)(报)(告)(中)(指)(出)(。
  在)(武)(汉)(市)(梦)(湖)(水)(岸)(的)(业)(主)(委)(员)(会)(办)(公)(室)(里)(,业)(主)(王)(猛)(保)(留)(了)(7年)(以)(来)(的)(维)(权)(武)(器)(,两)(个)(高)(音)(喇)(叭)(、袖)(章)(、泡)(沫)(展)(板)(,文)(件)(占)(了)(半)(层)(储)(物)(柜)(。
  他)(们)(的)(抗)(争)(换)(回)(一)(纸)(行)(政)(诉)(讼)(胜)(诉)(状)(,得)(以)(挽)(回)(沙)(湖)(约)(1.5万)(平)(方)(米)(的)(水)(面)(。6月)(1日)(,武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(给)(出)(书)(面)(答)(复)(,认)(为)(该)(路)(段)(属)(于)(沙)(湖)(公)(园)(的)(建)(设)(内)(容)(,将)(清)(理)(多)(余)(的)(淤)(泥)(,形)(成)(水)(清)(岸)(美)(的)(景)(观)(。
  但)(让)(王)(猛)(不)(解)(的)(是)(,武)(汉)(市)(水)(务)(局)(一)(直)(在)(回)(避)(填)(湖)(的)(事)(实)(,也)(没)(有)(回)(应)(监)(管)(的)(失)(职)(。
  “依)(然)(有)(8千)(平)(方)(米)(水)(面)(消)(失)(,建)(成)(了)(水)(泥)(路)(面)(。”王)(猛)(说)(,城)(市)(如)(今)(布)(满)(钢)(筋)(水)(泥)(,湖)(泊)(又)(不)(断)(减)(少)(,水)(没)(有)(地)(方)(流)(走)(,最)(终)(内)(涝)(使)(得)(“湖)(要)(回)(到)(自)(己)(的)(老)(家)(”,从)(而)(湖)(殇)(变)(成)(城)(市)(的)(水)(殇)(。
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